Acceptance of hydroponic farming setup over field farming is a tough choice. The reasons are simple. Field farming is feeding humans for the past millions of years and hydroponic farming is a new way of farming that is yet to set records. However, it is no secret that to meet the demands of the increasing population, field farming is getting highly engaged in the usage of pesticides and chemicals. In such a scenario, the advent of hydroponic farming for organic food appears to be the only solution.
In this article, the scientifically proven advantages of hydroponic farming over field farming shall be highlighted. To answer all the queries about hydroponics for beginners follow the points noted below, and understand the need for growing more food for the hungry population of your city and the world per se.
Unlike field farming, hydroponic farming prevents serious environmental concerns. In the case of field farming, the farmer uses water for irrigation and in the process, much of the water resource gets wasted. This practice also leads to severe conditions of soil erosion and hence natural disasters like floods. However, though hydroponic farming depends extensively on water, yet every drop of water gets used in a very judicious manner. There is no scope for water wastage or any issue of soil erosion.
Prevent Health Issues
Due to excessive use of fertilisers and pesticides, the food produced through field farming can outbreak illness in the population. This is a risk that gets refrained under the practice of hydroponic farming. Since hydroponic farming concentrates on developing organic food it is an added benefit for the consumer.
Outsmart Land Scarcity
Without any doubt, field farming needs lots and lots of farming land area. As the population is increasing there is a severe tug of war between the need for land for housing against farming. This die-hard situation has been much resolved by hydroponic farming setup. Since hydroponic equipment can be accommodated in a very limited space; it is highly beneficial for the farmer.
Limiting Root Expansion
In the case of field farming, in search of nutrients, the plants strive to expand their roots in the soil. These plants thus need more and more space to grow. On the other hand, hydroponic farming offers nutrients directly to the roots of the plants. As a result, the growth of the roots gets restricted and as such the more plants can be grown well in a very limited space.
Right Amount Nutrients
The distribution of nutrients in the plants in field farming is always done haphazardly. Since the nutrients are just spread on a random basis, every plant in the field farming hardly gets an adequate amount of nutrients. This never happens in the case of hydroponic farming. In this farming the nutrients get mixed with water and this water is distributed equally among every plant. Hydroponics for beginners must assure to get adequate knowledge about the kind and amount of nutrients that the selected plant would need.
Field farming has always been a challenge to the farmer. As the crops and the vegetables are done in open fields there is always the risk of getting destroyed by climate or even competitors. However, with indoor facilities, hydroponic farming is a much safer approach for farming. The plants in hydroponic farming are in a much safer ambience and under continuous surveillance. This makes this farming worth every penny invested.
As field farming demands large land areas, this farming is possible only in the rural and interior areas. However, this is not in the case of hydroponic farming. Hydroponic farming hardly needs any space. It can be started in a room or on the terrace of your building. With minimal space occupancy hydroponic is gaining extensive popularity among the urban population. With this farming, you can enjoy the city life and the life of a farmer at the same time.
High Yields- Whole Year
In comparison to field farming, hydroponic farming offers high yields in a very limited space. The reason is- in the hydroponic system of farming the plants attain a higher rate of growth than field farming. This rate of growth has been estimated as 30 to 50% faster than any field farming. It is the process of delivering the right amount of nutrients to the plats and the right kind of environment that makes hydroponically capable of delivering higher yields than field farming. As such hydroponic farming setup has been made possible to high yield throughout the year.
Hydroponic farming hardly uses any kind of chemicals or insecticides. Since the plants are grown in a very balanced environment and a regular amount of nutrients are provided to these plants, they are in no need of chemicals. As against this, field farming uses an exclusive amount of chemicals to attain high yield products. Unlike hydroponic farming, field farming needs more chemicals and fertilisers for the better growth of plants.
The use of pesticides in field farming is a mandatory practice. Since plants are grown in open fields, they become very prone to all kinds of pests and insects. In the case of hydroponic farming, the only issue is that of water-borne diseases in the plants. However, with regular monitoring of the plants, the same can be prevented and can be restricted very conveniently.
Let us get the math straight. The cost of an acre of land in an urban area of India has been marked tentatively as around 8 to 10 lakhs, whereas for rural areas the same are is around 5 to 6 lakhs. Your choice for the area for hydroponic farming thus depends on your budget. When it comes to equipment, hydroponic farming needs an initial investment of 100 to 150 lakhs for an acre yield, whereas field farming gets restricted to 50 to 80 thousand. However, hydroponic farming yields a profit margin of 12 to 16.5 lakhs per annum, whereas field farming ends up with just 8 to 10 lakhs.
Thus, as against field farming, hydroponic farming might appear expensive. However, it is important to note here that the amount spent in buying the hydroponic equipment is a one-time investment, and the same get recovered in a very short period. However, field farming expenses are recurring and the returns take almost a year or more.
For adequate guidance, it is always recommended to visit a hydroponic farming setup company in India.