Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) occurs due to pressure on the median nerve from inflammation in the wrists. The median nerve is located near the palm of your hand and controls hand movement. It also allows movement in your fingers, except for the pinkie finger. It is a part of the carpal tunnel that starts from your wrists and contains the median nerve along with other muscles and tendons that help the functionality of your hand. Swelling in them can reduce carpal tunnel space and compress the median nerve, leading to weakness, tingling and numbness in the hand or fingers.
Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
The main symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome include:
● Numbness or tingling sensation in hand or fingers
● Nerve pain that may move up your arm
● Weakness that may lead to problems with gripping things
● Swelling in the hands
Initially, the symptoms may be mild and may start off with mild pain or a numbing feeling in the fingers. As days pass, the pain, numbing and tingling may increase. You may feel that you are losing control of your hands and find it difficult to hold things in your hand. The signs of carpal tunnel may worsen if you do not get proper treatment. Getting treatment from an Best Orthopedic Surgeon in Lahore can help you get an early diagnosis and treatment.
Causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
The swelling of muscles in the wrist leads to carpal tunnel syndrome. There can be many causes of inflammation in the wrist, including some underlying diseases. You must consult an orthopedic doctor from an orthopedic surgeon in Karachi to check for any illnesses that may lead to swollen muscles. The usual risk factors of swelling that lead to carpal tunnel syndrome are:
● A wrist or hand injury
● Repetitive motion, such as typing or hammering
● Bone or joint disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis
● Nerve damage due to underlying conditions, such as diabetes
● Changes in hormones during pregnancy
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome can be a result of any of the above factors. Other factors, such as age and gender, may heighten the risk of carpal tunnel. Lifestyle factors and working conditions may also put you at high risk of the disease. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is more likely to affect women between 30 to 60 years of age due to the anatomical differences between men and women.
Treatment for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
A specialist doctor can help suggest the best course of treatment for you depending on your health and medical history. Early diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome makes treatment possible without surgery. Some lifestyle changes can significantly improve the condition without any repercussions. If the cause of carpal tunnel syndrome is due to pregnancy, the symptoms may subside once you give birth. Managing or treating underlying health issues that may cause carpal tunnel syndrome can also help treat carpal tunnel syndrome. Following are some other tips that can help with treating carpal tunnel syndrome:
1. Wear a wrist splint
A wrist splint can help relieve the pressure on the nerves by keeping your hand straight. It can reduce swelling in your wrists and restore hand movement. You should wear it at night to get rid of pain during the night. It can also relieve the numbness and tingling due to carpal tunnel syndrome.
2. Anti-inflammatory medication
Medicine that prevents swelling may be helpful in relieving symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome.
3. Wrist or hand exercises
Some simple exercises can help lower the pressure in your carpal tunnel. These exercises are easy to do at work or at home during your breaks. Strengthening and stretching exercises can be helpful in this case.
4. Corticosteroid injections
Your doctor may suggest injections that contain cortisone that may relieve pain and swelling in your wrist and provide relief. Avoid taking any injections without the advice and guidance of your healthcare practitioner.
5. Take frequent breaks
Whether your carpal tunnel is occurring due to office work, handy work, or leisure activity, you should take breaks more often, especially when it is causing carpal tunnel syndrome. It can prevent extra pressure on your hand and wrist and alleviate the swelling.
The ideal approach is to cure carpal tunnel syndrome by non-surgical methods, but you may need surgery when these methods do not work. Surgery may fully cure carpal tunnel syndrome. It is a minor surgery, and you may resume normal operation after a month.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common condition that can lead to numbing, tingling, and pain in your hands and fingers. You may start to lose hand motion if it worsens, so getting treatment in time may help. It usually happens when the muscles around the carpal tunnel swell and compress the median nerve. The inflammation can be due to an underlying disease or other lifestyle factors. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is easily fixable with alterations in your daily activities, but some people may require surgery if other healing techniques do not work.