Difference Between Heart Attack and Heart Failure

Bangalore, India, is known for its quality healthcare system and its elaborate emphasis on speedy treatment plans. Correspondingly, the highly skilled medical team and the top-tier facilities have also contributed to the increasing number of medical tourists arriving in the region. It can also be noted that the majority of these tourists have all sought medical treatment to manage their post-myocardial infarction symptoms and other related heart conditions like heart failure.

A heart attack is a lifestyle-related condition that can be prevented by modifying your health, dietary practices, and way of life. Alternatively, you can also choose to have an annual check-up or visit a qualified institution like the top heart hospitals in Bangalore to arrange your annual physical assessment. It is better to be safe than sorry!

Interestingly, it is also important to delve deeper into the difference between the two conditions and why such illnesses affect a vast majority of medical tourists. Here are some of the most definitive differences between the two conditions to help you know more about this.

What is a Heart Attack?

A heart attack or otherwise most commonly referred to as myocardial infarction is a condition wherein a specific myocardium area (the heart muscle is damaged). The infarcted area does not receive an adequate amount of oxygen due to the various underlying pathophysiological complications. Subsequently, a heart attack can be a resultant condition or event from a series of past medical illnesses. The conditions which could predispose an individual to have a heart attack are the following:

  • Diabetes Mellitus – although it is not entirely the sole reason to develop a myocardial injury, diabetes mellitus causes the blood to become more dense than normal, which then impedes blood circulation. The significant reduction in the amount of blood flowing into the coronary arteries can progressively exacerbate MI-related symptoms like chest pain.
  • Atherosclerosis – the progressive build-up of plaque can aggravate blood flow reduction to the coronary arteries (the heart’s main blood supply line).
  • Hypertension – one of the most subtle factors that can cause a sudden myocardial event is persistently elevated blood pressure. The force exerted on the arteries’ walls strains the heart, thereby causing it to pump more. Over time, the overburdened condition of the myocardium can precipitate a heart attack.

 What is a Heart Failure?

Heart failure results from progressive and chronic failure of the heart muscle to pump blood efficiently. Due to the inadequate contraction force, the heart per se is no longer provided with the necessary amount of blood to keep it running. Over time, a failing heart also invariably affects other vital organs of the heart, and a systemic complication causes irreversible organ damage.

Consequently, heart failure is further categorized as either left or right-sided. Right-sided complications include systemic edema, hepatomegaly, and splenomegaly.

On the other hand, left-sided heart failure includes pulmonary complications. Intuitively, several factors can predispose one to develop heart failure. This could include:

  • Congenital heart defects – an inborn structural defect in the atrium, ventricles, or the heart’s valves can cause inadequate blood pumping and can further progress to a full-blown failing heart.
  • A heart attack – and ischemia around the heart area can cause it to fail in its pumping function and would progressively affect the whole heart per se.
  • High blood pressure – the vasoconstrictive effect of persistently elevated blood pressure can put a strain on the heart. The myocardium is then weakened, and the heart ultimately fails to pump more blood.
  • Heart Valve disease – a mitral valve prolapse or a destructed valve leaflet can cause blood to backflow. The inefficient pumping action of the heart ultimately affects other organs.


Although heart failure would sometimes stem from a congenital heart defect, the treatment is directed towards following a set of pharmacological plans, including beta-blockers, diuretics, inotropes like digoxin and ACE inhibitors. If you plan to have your heart checked, you can visit the top heart hospitals in Bangalore and have your physical examination done by their highly qualified medical team. Consider this option if you want to get the best experience out of your medical treatment!


Knowing the main difference between the condition is essential if you want to be informed about preventing them. Additionally, you must have your annual physical examination from qualified medical professionals such as Lindita Coku MD as they will conduct a thorough assessment.

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