Everything You Need To Know About Pigmentation

Skin pigmentation disorders affect the sensitive skin of the face and neck as we age. Sun exposure (UV rays), hormone fluctuations, pregnancy, and skin aging, to mention a few, can all contribute to the formation of dark spots and discoloration. Dark spots and uneven areas progressively replace your smooth and equal skin tone as you age

What is Pigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is a skin condition in which melanin production increase in specific body parts resulting in brown spots or dark patches which makes one body part appear darker than the surrounding area.

Pigmentation affects 8 out of 10 people with all skin types and races. Darks spots and melasma is more frequent in body parts that have more exposure to sunlight such as arms, feet, legs, and especially the face.

Hyperpigmentation also includes acne, burns, lupus, and cuts that occur after some inflammation or injury to the skin.

Sometimes having extra pigmentation in some body parts is totally safe except for cosmetic reasons, but sometimes it may point to a medical problem.

Causes of Pigmentation

Pigmentation is a term used to describe skin discoloration. We all want to have a flawless complexion and eternal youth, but unsightly spots make it difficult to achieve this. Look at the reasons for pigmentation in the list below.

Pigmentation After Acne

Squeezing pimples can cause them to enlarge and become redder and also result in causing damage to the skin and the tissue beneath it. The use of the wrong skincare products might irritate your skin. When used excessively, these acne-prone skin products can be harsh on the skin.

Age Spots

Melanin is continually created to preserve the skin as it ages and is subjected to environmental damage. As a result, age spots are particularly frequent in those over 50. Skin that has been exposed to UV radiation is more likely to display symptoms of pigmentation, such as dark patches, sooner.


Freckles are a hereditary problem that mainly affects people when they are younger.

It may begin to show as early as the age of two years old and start appearing more prominent with the aging process.

Inflammation of the skin

After patients have experienced skin inflammation, their skin might darken in some areas. Acne, eczema, lupus, or a skin injury are examples of this. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is more common in those with darker skin.

Pills for birth control

YES! You read it correctly: these drugs cause hormonal shifts and upset the hormonal equilibrium, resulting in melasma.

Lack of Health Diet

Skin discoloration is caused by a lack of certain nutrients in your diet. Hyperpigmentation can be caused by a deficiency of folic acid. Leafy green foods, legumes, and fruits are high in folic acid.

Not Taking a Break from your computer and cell phone.

The display light from your smartphone and computer screen is quite harmful to your skin. According to studies, these lights are comparable to the sun in that they touch the skin directly and cause problems with uneven skin pigmentation.

Seek Professional Help

Pigmentation can be serious and sometimes dealing with home remedies or drugstore products may cause more damage to your skin.

For pigmentation treatment in Mumbai. You can consult with Dr Niketa Sonavane, Celebrity Dermatologist and founder of Ambrosia Aesthetics, Mumbai.

Pigmentation Vs. Melasma

Melasma is a kind of hyperpigmentation that affects the face and covers a bigger surface of skin than other types of hyperpigmentation.

Melasma primarily affects women, with men accounting for only 10% of cases. Men and women are equally affected by other forms of hyperpigmentation. Melasma is more frequent in darker-skinned persons and can run in families.

Causes of Melasma

Doctors aren’t sure what causes melasma, however it can occasionally be triggered by hormonal changes.

Melasma can be caused by both pregnancy and birth control medications. Melasma is commonly referred to as the “mask of pregnancy” since it causes darker skin on the face. Melasma normally goes away once a person is no longer pregnant or stops using birth control pills.

Treatment of Melasma

Melasma can go away on its own, but it may not if you don’t treat it. Melasma can be faded or reduced in the same manner that other kinds of hyperpigmentation can.

Home Remedies for Skin Pigmentation

The issue then becomes, “How can I keep these spots from reappearing?” So, here are some common home remedies for skin care that you may use in your daily routine.


Aloe Vera (Aloe Vera): Pure aloe vera can be used to lighten pigmentation spots on the face. This is exclusively recommended for persons with oily skin.


Lemons: – Give them a shot. Scrubbing a lemon on your skin gently to eliminate pigmentation marks produces excellent results and is a quick process. Your skin will get fairer and brighter after using lemon juice.


Mint leaves: Grind mint leaves into a paste and apply on your face overnight. You will notice a significant reduction in pigmentation marks if you use this formula on a daily basis. It also aids in the reduction of pimple marks and their fading.


Potato: Applying potato juice to your face might help you get rid of pigmentation scars. This is an all-natural skin bleach.

Final Thoughts:

Hyperpigmentation is a non-cancerous skin disorder that can be treated with cosmetic procedures, lotions, and home remedies. If a person sees additional symptoms in addition to hyperpigmentation, they should seek medical attention. If a person wishes to cure hyperpigmentation for cosmetic purposes, they should consult a dermatologist, who can advise them on the most effective treatment options.

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