Having a period every month is a normal part of life for many women. But sometimes, the timing and amount of bleeding can be unexpected. Unexpected bleeding, also known as irregular bleeding, can be a sign of something serious and should be discussed with a doctor. This article looks at the causes of unexpected menstruation and what to do if it happens.
Unexpected periods, also known as irregular bleeding, can occur for a variety of reasons. It is important to note that irregular bleeding is different from the usual variability of a menstrual cycle. Unexpected bleeding can be characterized by heavier or lighter than usual flow, or by periods that come more or less frequently than normal.
Unexpected bleeding can be a sign of a medical condition, such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). It can also be a sign of a hormonal imbalance or a reaction to a medication.
Causes of Unexpected Menstruation
There are many potential causes of unexpected menstruation. Some of the most common include:
Hormonal imbalances: Hormonal imbalances can cause irregular bleeding. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including stress, lifestyle changes, or a change in birth control.
Medications: Certain medications, such as some blood thinners or antidepressants, can cause irregular bleeding.
Uterine fibroids: Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths that can cause heavy bleeding and irregular periods.
Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside the uterus, causing pain and irregular bleeding.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS): PCOS is a hormonal disorder that can cause irregular periods and other symptoms.
Pregnancy: Unexpected bleeding can be a sign of pregnancy.
Cancer: Unexpected bleeding can be a sign of uterine, cervical, or ovarian cancer.
If you experience unexpected bleeding, it is important to talk to your doctor to determine the cause and to get the appropriate treatment.
Unexpected menstruation can be a sign of a medical condition or a reaction to a medication. If you experience unexpected bleeding, it is important to talk to your doctor to determine the cause and to get the appropriate treatment.