Kidney Stones in Men; Symptoms and Treatment

If someone experiences any symptoms and is unable to cope with the pain is required to seek help from a specialist. Kidney Stones can result in Urinary tract infection and other medical conditions; hence, it is necessary to get proper treatment. Individuals with kidney stones should consult a urologist in Karachi for diagnoses, managing symptoms, and treatment options.

What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are also identified as renal calculi, nephrolithiasis, and urolithiasis. They are resulted from the accumulation of chemical and minerals in kidneys and varies in size. Men are more prone to developing kidney stones as compared to women. Usually, kidney stones are made up of calcium oxalate, calcium carbonate, cystines, and uric acid. Kidney stones small in size usually pass through the urinary tract without any treatment, but the stones bigger in size require proper treatment.

What are the causes of kidney stones in men?

The causes of kidney stones in men include:

  • Less water intake
  • Increased consumption of beverages alcohol
  • Excessive use of supplements inclusive of Vitamin C and D
  • Genetic factors can increase the chances of kidney stones
  • Excessive intake of food enriched with calcium and oxalate
  • Lack of physical exercise/activities.

What are the symptoms and signs of Kidney stones in men?

The symptoms of Kidney stones are

  • Discomfort and Unbearable Pain: The person finds it challenging to sit lay down due t the intensity of pain. Due to unwanted pressure asserted from stones on kidneys, the person experiences intense pain in the belly and back. 
  • Blood in Urine: When the stones block the urethra region, the patient will more likely observe blook in the urine.
  • Nausea and Vomiting: Due to intense pain, the person might feel nauseous and even throw up. Nausea can result in dehydration, leading to other complications if left untreated.
  • Fever and Chills: Kidney stones can cause internal damage and infection. The infection can result in fever and chills; hence, it is necessary to get treated.
  • Disturbed Urine Flow: Kidney stones larger in size get stuck in the ureter, and hinder urine flow. It can also result in swelling and inflammation, which requires immediate medical attention.
  • Burning Sensation during urination: Pain becomes noticeable during urination. It is more likely that the person suffers from UTI and kidney stones.

What tests help in the diagnosis of Kidney stones?

The tests performed for the diagnoses of kidney stones are:

Blood test: Blood tests help evaluate the health of kidneys and levels of calcium and uric acid in the body.

Urine Test: The test shows if the person is excreting excessive tone-forming minerals.

Ultrasound: The test helps in detecting kidney stones.

Intravenous Pyelogram: The test helps identify anomalies in the urinary tract.

What are the treatment options for kidney stones?

The treatments options available for treating kidney stones are:

  • Medications used for kidney stones are:
  • Analgesics help to manage the pain.
  • Anetimetic helps in controlling the vomiting and feeling of nausea.
  • Calcium Channel Blockers help expedite the passage of stones.
  • Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy: ESWL help break the stones that can be passed out through urine.
  • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: nephrolithotomy is a surgical process that removes large stones by inserting a telescope through the incision made in the back.

What dietary habits are beneficial for patients with kidney stones?

The patients should:

  • Avoid salty and processes food
  • Avoid animal protein and oxalate enriched food
  • Increase fluid intake
  • Adequate intake of green vegetables

 The symptoms of Kidney stones can be painful and threatening to overall health. Men exhibiting symptoms should contact a urologist in Lahore; for guidance regarding effective treatment options.

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