Psoriasis: Symptoms, Complications, and Treatment

Psoriasis is a skin condition characterized by itchy rashes and scaly patches on the elbow, knee, and feet. It could be painful, and some patients may have dry skin that bleeds. Psoriasis treatment Commack can help you manage the condition to improve your quality of life.

Symptoms of psoriasis

Psoriasis occurs in sporadic cycles with periods of flare-ups that could last for weeks. The symptoms may vary between patients, but scaly patches and dry skin are the most common symptom.

Symptoms may appear on different parts of the body, including fingers, elbows, knees, scalp, palms, and feet. The color of the rashes is usually red and pink on light skin. Black and brown skin usually has patches ranging from gray to purple.

The rash is usually a flaky patch whose scales fall off easily. The earliest sign of psoriasis is small bumps that grow and are covered by scales. Many patients feel pain, itching, and discomfort.

Peeling off the scales can cause bleeding and open the wound to infections. It is advisable to contact your dermatologist if you experience swelling or pain.

Psoriasis causes and triggers

The principal cause of psoriasis is an overactive immune response that destroys healthy cells. The inflammation progresses from small bumps, which develop into scaly patches. Environment and genetics are the two most common triggers of psoriasis.

Triggers vary depending on the type of psoriasis. Guttate psoriasis is caused by bacteria such as strep throat. Fungal infections could also trigger inverse psoriasis, characterized by smooth patches on the genitals and buttocks. Genetics increase the risk, with parents passing the disease to their children.

Cold and dry weather can worsen symptoms of psoriasis. Low humidity and sunlight increase the risk of inflammation and itching. On the other hand, warm and relatively humid weather can alleviate symptoms.

Anything that can influence the immune system can trigger psoriasis. It includes an ear infection, a cut to the skin, or rapid withdrawal from steroid medication.

You must consult your dermatologist if you have a fever or an infection. Symptoms that seem to worsen should be assessed by a skincare professional.

Complications and when to see a doctor

Psoriasis complications include psoriasis arthritis, characterized by stiff and swollen joints. Psoriasis arthritis affects one in three people with psoriasis. Severe cases may cause the joint to become deformed. Surgery is needed to restore joint function.

Psoriasis may also cause other immune disorders, such as Crohn’s disease. You could have Crohn’s or celiac disease if you have diarrhea or a digestive system disorder. Other psoriasis complications are high blood pressure, obesity, depression, and heart disease.

Psoriasis diagnosis and treatment options

Psoriasis diagnosis involves using a skin sample to check for skin plaque. Your practitioner will also thoroughly review your medication and family history.

Treatment options for psoriasis include systemic therapies, injectables, and regular monitoring of symptoms. Early treatment is essential to avoid complications and expensive procedures.

The team at MDCS Dermatology offers effective treatment options for psoriasis. Contact MDCS Dermatology: Medical Dermatology and Cosmetic Surgery for more information.

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