If you want to test a relationship between two variables, you have to start with a hypothesis. It is a link between your research and the theory or approach that you are going to use to carry out your research. To write a suitable hypothesis you need to structure it correctly.
Characteristics of the Best Hypothesis
First, you need to know the characteristics of an outstanding hypothesis. The best hypothesis involves more of your effort than just an estimate. To be specific, your hypothesis will start from a question that should be further explored through background research.
In order to formulate the best hypothesis consider asking yourself the following questions:
- If the language you are using is clear and focused?
- What is the relationship between your hypothesis and the research topic?
- Is your hypothesis testable? If your answer is yes then how?
- What are the possible explanations that you want to look into?
- Does your hypothesis discuss both independent and dependent variables?
- Can you control your independent variable without breaching ethical guidelines?
These questions will help you set a foundation for the best research hypothesis. Moreover, it will also help you to find the weakness in your hypothesis.
How to Write the Best Hypothesis – Step By Step
Step#1 – Prepare a Question:
To start writing your hypothesis, first prepare the research question that you want to answer. Your question should be focused, to the point, and researchable within the boundaries of your topic.
You can initiate your research questions with the typical terms, such as Who, what, why, when, where, how, do
For example: Do people who drink coffee daily have an enhanced memory?
This is the perfect example of a focused, to-the-point, and researchable question.
Step#2 – Start Researching:
Your initial attempt to write the hypothesis should be centered on what is already well known about your topic of research. Looking for literary reviews and theories regarding your topic will help you form informed assumptions about what your research will find.
It is important that you approach your question from all perspectives and do not let critics of your topic discourage you. You come across many critics during your research for background information. That will not invalidate your hypothesis. It is best that you use their findings as potential counter-arguments and contrast your study in a way that all these concerns get addressed.
After gathering all the information, you shall now construct a conceptual foundation to identify which variables you are going to study and what you think are the relationships between them.
Step#3 – Generate Your Hypothesis:
When you are done with your research, you will get an idea of what you are expecting to find. Then write your answer clearly and concisely based on your understanding of the topic.
For example: Drinking coffee leads to enhanced memory.
Step#4 – Refine Your Hypothesis:
To write the best hypothesis you need to make sure that it is specific and testable. There are different ways in which you can structure a hypothesis but the terms that are being used should have a clear definition.
Important Components of a Hypothesis:
To construct the best hypothesis these components must be present in your text:
- The relevant variables.
- A specific sample group that is being studied
- The predicted result of the analysis.
Step#5 – Phrase Your Hypothesis:
There are three methods by which your hypothesis can be phrased. For writing the best hypothesis it is important to choose a method that is better suited for your level of academics and the nature of the initial question.
To point out the variables you can write a simple prediction in if…then form. The first part of the hypothesis should state the independent variable and the second part should state the independent variable.
For example, People who drink coffee will have enhanced memory.
In academic research, you have to usually phrase hypothesis in terms of correlation or effects. The correlation can be negative or positive. In this method, you directly state the anticipated relationship between the variables.
For Example, The number of time people drinks coffee has a positive effect on their memory.
If you are comparing two different groups then your hypothesis will state what difference you expect to find between them.
For example, People who drink coffee will more enhance memory than those who do not drink it.
There are maybe some of you who study in prestigious colleges but at the same time are struggling with writing your dissertation simply because you cannot come with a hypothesis. You may be worried because your PhD or master’s degree is dependent on your dissertation and that dissertation is dependent on your hypothesis. If you consider yourself one of such students then you can Dissertation Help from Mba Dissertation Writing Service in the UK or any such assistance service in the country you live in, depending on your degree.
Step#6 – Writing A Null Hypothesis:
If the research that you have done involves statistical hypothesis testing, you will have to write a null hypothesis. The null hypothesis states that there is no relation between the variables. The null hypothesis is often denoted by H0.
For example: The people who drink coffee have no effects on their memory.
These are steps you need to follow to write the best hypothesis facilitated by the characteristics of the best hypothesis. Following this guide will definitely help you create a good dissertation. This in turn will give you a good grade.