Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming more popular as people seek out more eco-friendly transportation options. But many people are still unfamiliar with how EV charging works. In this blog post, we’ll explain the different levels of EV charging and what you need to know to keep your EV charged and ready to go.
What are EV Chargers?
EV chargers are devices that supply electricity to recharge the battery of an electric vehicle. They come in different types and power levels, and the charging speed depends on the charger type. The charger type you choose will depend on your lifestyle and driving habits. Understanding the different levels of EV charging can help you make informed decisions about what type of charger is right for you.
There are three main levels of EV charging: Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3. Let’s take a closer look at each of these levels, so that you can decide which is best for you.
Level 1 – Portable EVSE
This is the slowest level of EV charging and involves using the portable EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) that comes with your EV. This level of charging uses a standard 120-volt outlet and can take several hours to fully charge your EV, depending on the size of the battery. Level 1 charging is convenient for overnight charging, but it’s not ideal if you need to charge your EV quickly.
Level 2 – Wall Chargers
Level 2 charging uses a 240-volt outlet and a dedicated charging station, often called a “wall charger.” This level of charging is faster than Level 1 and can fully charge most EVs in a few hours. Wall chargers are ideal for daily use, as they provide a fast and convenient way to keep your EV charged while you go about your day.
There are several types of Level 2 chargers, including smart chargers that allow you to schedule charging times and monitor your EV’s charging progress from your smartphone. Some Level 2 chargers can also be installed outdoors, which is convenient if you don’t have a garage or other indoor space to charge your EV.
Level 3 – DC Fast Chargers
Level 3 charging, also known as DC Fast Charging, is the fastest level of EV charging. It uses a high-powered DC charger and can charge an EV battery up to 80% in as little as 30 minutes. These chargers are often found at public charging stations and are ideal for long-distance travel.
However, it’s important to note that not all EVs can handle Level 3 charging. Some older EVs and plug-in hybrids may not be compatible with DC Fast Chargers, so be sure to check your vehicle’s manual before attempting to use a Level 3 charger.
Knowing the different levels of EV charging is essential for EV owners. Level 1 charging is convenient for overnight charging, while Level 2 is ideal for daily use. Level 3 charging is best for long-distance travel and can quickly get you back on the road. Just remember to call an electrician to install your EV chargers, as this will ensure a safe and proper installation.