If you have hyperpigmentation, I’m virtually positive you’ve done your homework to figure out precisely what it is and how to treat it. You’re aware that a condition in which your skin has darkened in some regions owing to an excess of melanin may affect people of all skin tones. You may have also learned that sun damage, hormone fluctuations, acne, or inflammation were all factors in your hyperpigmentation.
What Are the Effects of Hyperpigmentation on Different Skin Tone?
Hyperpigmentation is a worrisome condition that needs immediate attention, but there are a few key considerations to remember first:
- Darker-skinned people are more likely to get black spots. The skin already produces melanin, which gives it a darker hue, and when hormones or stress cause this production to increase, you’re more likely to develop hyperpigmentation.
- Unfortunately, treating black spots in deeper skin tones is more challenging. You must be delicate in order to avoid irritating or inflaming the skin to the point where post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation occurs.
- Lighter skin tones have fewer restrictions when it comes to hyperpigmentation treatments since they are less likely to overproduce melanin. Dark spots are more prone to occur on lighter skin tones as a result of UV exposure.
The Most Effective Treatment for Hyperpigmentation
It might be difficult to know where to turn and what products to use to cure the source of hyperpigmentation in your specific complexion. We’d want to provide a few fundamental tips for treating your skin without causing more problems.
You must avoid in-office and at-home treatments which can cause too much harm to the skin if you have darker skin. We don’t advocate the IPL laser treatments or hydroquinone to patients with darker skin tones, for example, because both are regarded topical treatments for hyperpigmentation by some, but they can actually make the disease worse.
The best option is to always consult a pro before trying anything. For pigmentation treatment in Mumbai, we highly recommend Dr. Niketa Sonavane, Celebrity Dermatologist and founder of Ambrosia Aesthetics, Mumbai.
At Home Pigmentation Treatments
Clinical studies have shown that the appropriate mix of substances works just as effectively and as swiftly as prescription-grade 4 percent hydroquinone (previously a holy grail for at-home pigmentation treatment). The following are some suggestions:
- Vitamin C: This substance has a remarkable dual purpose: it brightens and firms the skin while also assisting in the lightening of existing pigmentation and the prevention of future dark spots or sunspots. It not only inhibits the activity of the enzyme that causes pigment creation but also treats the discoloration that already exists
- Kojic acid: This acid inhibits and suppresses the creation of tyrosine, which reduces the development of melanin and effectively lightens dark patches and hyperpigmentation.
- Alpha Arbutin: It is a powerful skin brightener that is naturally extracted from bearberry. Arbutin is a naturally occurring hydroquinone derivative that is thought to be one of the finest hydroquinone alternatives since it has the same skin-lightening effect as hydroquinone but without any of the dangers. Arbutin, like kojic acid, is a tyrosinase inhibitor.
- Lactic acid: Lactic acid, which is naturally sourced from milk but also created by your body, exfoliates the skin’s surface by gently loosening the links between epidermal cells. This enables more vitamin C penetration. It also hydrates naturally by stimulating ceramides and GAGS in the epidermis, which reduces trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL).
Because the laser targets the dark patches on your face, laser skin resurfacing can help to reduce hyperpigmentation on light skin. Short, focused pulsing light beams are aimed at the skin throughout the process to eliminate old layers and encourage the creation of new, healthy skin cells. However, it’s not usually suggested for those with dark skin since the laser can’t precisely target the dark areas and can potentially make things worse.
Chemical peels are a less invasive choice for all skin types, and they can leave you with smoother, brighter skin with less visible spots. Just keep in mind that there are three distinct sorts of peels, and the darker your skin is, the “lighter” version you should select. Skin irritation must be avoided at all costs. Anything that causes inflammation will cause greater post-inflammatory pigmentation, which is especially true for those with dark skin.
In addition to a treatment serum, we recommend including a light chemical exfoliator in your skincare routine. This helps to remove dead skin from the surface, allowing products to seep easier into the skin thereafter. Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher to all exposed skin and reapply frequently, especially after washing your face or sweating. Finally, be sure to include an antioxidant in your skincare routine. This will further protect skin from harmful UVA/UVB rays as well as pollution-induced free radicals.
In overexposed regions, you should also wear protective clothes and accessories, such as long-sleeve shirts and wide-brimmed hats.
If you’re worried about hyperpigmentation, talk to your dermatologist. No matter what your skin tone is, combining continuous preventative measures with effective treatment will reduce melanin overproduction and lead to a more even complexion.