Various Types of Non-Hormonal Birth Control Methods

For some women, hormonal contraceptives are not an option. That may be simply due to avoiding hormones or side effects. Other times people can’t use hormonal contraceptives for health reasons. The good news is that there are various non-hormonal birth control methods that you can choose from. 

There are many options, which can be overwhelming, especially if you lack basic knowledge about birth control. But a consultation with your certified nurse midwife Jackson Heights, NY, can help you make an informed decision on the type of contraceptive you prefer. Below are examples of non-hormonal birth control methods.

Diaphragm

A diaphragm is a small silicone cup that you insert into your vagina to cover the cervix. It works best with spermicide and is used correctly every time. You will require to be fitted by a doctor to ensure the diaphragm is the right size. 

Although most diaphragms are prescribed and fitted by healthcare professionals, one-size diaphragms are also available. Diaphragms are also effective immediately and can be reused for up to two years. If inserted correctly, the diaphragm is comfortable, and your partner shouldn’t feel it during sex.

The diaphragm should also remain in place for at least six hours after sexual intercourse but no more than 24 hours. If you have sex again within 24 hours, reapply the spermicide and wait another 6 hours before removing the diaphragm. You can’t use a diaphragm during your periods, and it doesn’t protect against sexually transmitted infections.

Spermicides

These are available in gels, creams, and suppositories; you apply or place them in the vagina before sexual intercourse to stop the sperm from entering the uterus. Spermicides have a failure rate of up to 21% but effectiveness increases when used with other methods like cervical cap or diaphragm. While spermicides are safe for most people, some women experience side effects like irritation and allergic reaction. 

On the upside, this method is inexpensive, easy to use, and requires no prescription.

Cervical cap

A cervical cap is a small flexible cup made of silicone that you insert into the vagina to fit over the cervix. People who have had a vaginal birth are more likely to get pregnant using a cervical cap than those who’ve never given birth. Like a diaphragm, you insert it before sex and leave it in place for six hours afterward. 

However, unlike the diaphragm, a cervical cup can stay longer, up to 48 hours. To ensure its protective qualities, use a cervical cap with spermicidal gel. A cervical cap requires a prescription.  Your provider must fit it, and it is not suitable for use during periods.

Male condoms

The male condom is a strong, thin, protective covering of latex. It is worn on an erect penis before sex and is 98% effective in preventing pregnancy when used correctly. The male condom is safe, simple to use, easy to source, and requires no prescription

The main benefit of using male condoms is that they prevent pregnancy and protect against sexually transmitted infections. If you are sexually active but don’t want to get pregnant, consult your healthcare provider at Raveco Medical to determine the best birth control method.

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