Low back pain, simply back pain: there are different ways to translate that discomfort that takes away our peace! Pain in this region usually appears after a busy weekend or a tiring work week.
What are the main causes of low back pain?
Knowing the cause of the discomfort is the best way to find the ideal solution for low back pain. From there, it will be easier to avoid the triggers that make the pain appear and also to choose the best back pain management options that can help alleviate the symptoms.
Inactive lifestyle and overweight
A sedentary lifestyle and obesity are the main reasons for low back pain in young people. And, as we already know, the lack of regular physical activity also plays a role in risk factors for more serious diseases. The day-to-day rush, the lack of time for leisure, the technological evolution and the increasingly frequent option for the replacement of physical activities with automated facilities, contributes to the development of an increasingly sedentary and sedentary population, who ends up developing pain at an earlier age.
In the case of low back pain, a sedentary lifestyle contributes to the increase in muscle pain, in addition to harming the joints that can atrophy due to lack of use, causing discomfort.
Sleeping without adequate support for the spine, working long hours sitting and standing in front of the computer with the trunk leaning forward are just some of the examples of how the wrong body posture can cause back pain.
By adopting the correct body posture in day-to-day activities, you will evenly distribute pressure on the paravertebral musculature (muscles close to a vertebra or spine), intervertebral discs and ligaments, which prevents overloading the spine, and consequently episodes of back pain.
Back pain in pregnancy
From the sixth month of pregnancy, the abdominal volume increases significantly. This changes the axis of the spine and the balance of the pregnant woman, the problem is that this discomfort can also generate other behaviors that worsen the condition, as it is common for women to change the way they walk and practice inappropriate postures in an attempt to support the extra weight. All of this can contribute to the emergence of low back pain in this period.
The pain tends to disappear with the birth of the baby, but there are some strategies that help relieve symptoms: warm compresses and exercises during pregnancy usually help. If a woman exercises before pregnancy, it is possible to prevent lower back pain by strengthening the muscles in this region.
Sciatica, herniated discs, and low back pain
Sciatica pain attacks the largest nerve in the human body. It makes the junction of a series of nerve roots that leave the spine and meet in the gluteal region, going down to the foot.
Sciatica is not a disease but a symptom of different conditions, n most of the time sciatica is related to herniated disc. The disease manifests when the contents of the intervertebral discs (which act as shock absorbers for the spine) leak out of their normal place. This usually happens because of an injury, aging degeneration, or genetic failure.
Excess weight, lack of physical exercise and incorrect posture damage the alignment of the spine and can compress the sciatic nerve, this compression leads to inflammation that causes pain, in this case, the discomfort is very characteristic: it starts in the buttocks, goes down behind the thigh and can go up to the foot.
What are the best methods for dealing with and preventing low back pain?
To alleviate lower back pain, it is critical to engage in regular physical activity. According to several research, the most effective means of relieving chronic discomfort is rest, which does not lubricate your joints and sends less blood to your muscles. It’s important to keep in mind that exercising is the best way to alleviate your pain.
By increasing mobility and blood flow to the area of discomfort, physical activity relieves lower back pain. It also provides nutrients to your cells.
As a final point, the most significant aspect of exercise is that it cures and alleviates the underlying source of the pain.
Physical therapy, home exercise regimens, and oral analgesics are commonly used as first-line treatments for back pain. In the event that conservative methods of treating chronic pain do not work, patients often turn to more invasive methods such epidural steroid injections (ESIs) or the medication MILD®. Medical device business Vertosmed.com is dedicated to providing minimally invasive therapies for lumbar spinal stenosis through research and development (LSS). Using a small incision the size of a baby aspirin, mild®, the company’s unique technique, restores spinal canal space in an outpatient surgery that is safe and less invasive.