What Happens if You Hit a Deer and Don’t Call the Police

Encountering a deer on the road while driving can be a frightening experience. Unfortunately, in some cases, collisions between vehicles and deer are unavoidable. When such an incident occurs, many drivers wonder about the appropriate steps to take. One common question that arises is whether it’s necessary to involve the police. In this article, we will explore what happens if you hit a deer and choose not to call the police, the potential consequences, and the responsible actions you should consider.

The Collision: What to Do First

Ensure Your Safety: The immediate priority after hitting a deer is to ensure your safety and the safety of your passengers. If your vehicle is obstructing traffic or in a dangerous position, move it to a safe location if possible. Turn on hazard lights to warn other drivers.

Check for Injuries: Assess yourself and your passengers for injuries. If anyone is injured, call 911 immediately for medical assistance.

Assess the Deer: Approach the deer with caution but be aware that injured or frightened animals can be unpredictable. Ensure it is no longer a threat to you or others. If the deer is alive but severely injured and suffering, it may be humane to contact local animal control or a wildlife rescue organization to assess and potentially euthanize the animal.

Document the Incident: If you decide not to call the police, take the following steps for your records and any potential insurance claims:

Take photographs of the scene, including damage to your vehicle and the deer’s position.

Note the time, date, and location of the collision.

Document any visible injuries to yourself or passengers.

If there were witnesses, try to obtain their contact information.

Notifying the Police: Is it Required?

The need to involve law enforcement after hitting a deer depends on various factors, including local laws and the extent of damage or injury resulting from the collision. In many cases, if there are no injuries to humans, and the damage to the vehicle is minor, it may not be a legal requirement to contact the police.

However, it’s essential to be aware that some jurisdictions mandate reporting any collision involving wildlife, especially if it leads to significant damage or if the deer is a threatened or endangered species. Additionally, insurance companies may have specific requirements for reporting collisions with animals.

Consequences of Not Reporting to the Police

While the immediate consequences of not reporting a deer collision to the police may not be severe, there are potential repercussions to consider:

Insurance Issues: Failing to report the incident to the police could complicate your insurance claim process. Some insurance policies require a police report for certain types of accidents, and not having one might result in delays or complications.

Legal Requirements: As mentioned earlier, some areas have legal requirements for reporting collisions with wildlife. Not complying with these requirements may lead to fines or legal consequences.

Environmental Impact: In cases where the deer is a protected or endangered species, not reporting the incident could hinder conservation efforts. Law enforcement agencies and wildlife authorities may need to be informed to assess the situation.

Safety Concerns: Even if no immediate injuries are apparent, a deer collision could have caused damage to your vehicle that affects its safety or roadworthiness. Neglecting to report the incident may put you at risk if there are underlying issues that go unaddressed.

Responsible Actions to Consider

To ensure you handle a deer collision responsibly, even if you choose not to call the police, consider the following steps:

Contact Your Insurance Company: Notify your insurance provider of the incident, even if you do not file a formal claim immediately. They can provide guidance on the reporting process and any specific requirements they have.

Visit a Mechanic: Have your vehicle inspected by a qualified mechanic to assess the extent of damage. Even minor damage can have long-term consequences if left unaddressed.

Follow Local Laws: Familiarize yourself with the laws and regulations in your area regarding wildlife collisions. If it’s legally required to report such incidents, follow the guidelines accordingly.

Consider Wildlife Rehabilitation: If the deer is severely injured but alive, consider contacting local wildlife rescue organizations or authorities who can assess the animal’s condition and provide appropriate care.


Hitting a deer while driving can be a stressful and unexpected event. While you may not always be required to call the police after such an incident, it’s essential to prioritize safety, assess the situation, and consider the potential consequences of not reporting the collision. By documenting the incident, notifying your insurance company, and following local laws, you can ensure that you handle the situation responsibly, protecting yourself, the deer, and the environment. Ultimately, responsible actions and compliance with relevant regulations will help you navigate the aftermath of a deer collision effectively.