Diabetes is a serious medical condition that affects millions of people around the world. There are two main types of diabetes: Type-1 and Type-2. Both types of diabetes can have serious health implications, so it is important to understand the differences between them.
Type-1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. This results in a lack of insulin production, which leads to high levels of glucose in the blood. Without insulin, cells cannot use glucose for energy, leading to the symptoms of Type-1 diabetes. Symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, and blurred vision.
Type-1 diabetes is typically diagnosed in childhood or adolescence, and it is not preventable. Treatment for Type-1 diabetes involves managing blood sugar levels with insulin injections, a healthy diet, and regular exercise.
Type-2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which the body’s cells become resistant to the effects of insulin. This results in higher levels of glucose in the blood. Unlike Type-1 diabetes, Type-2 diabetes is more common in adults and is often associated with being overweight or obese.
Symptoms of Type-2 diabetes include increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, and blurred vision. Treatment for Type-2 diabetes usually involves lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and managing blood sugar levels with medication.
Understanding the differences between Type-1 and Type-2 diabetes is important for proper diagnosis and treatment. With the right treatment and lifestyle changes, people with diabetes can lead healthy and productive lives.